Did your ancestors participate in the very first Thanksgiving? Tough to tell. Very few of us can trace our lines to those early immigrants. We can, however, appreciate what our own ancestors did to come to this land, and why they made those choices. Thanksgiving isn’t just about Pilgrim stories, its also about those who brought their own families here over the generations.
What is Your Immigrant Story?
Let’s take some time to appreciate our immigrant history, and ask questions or research their stories. Ask yourself:
- Did your ancestors come because of religious persecution? To avoid war?
- Did they only intend on making a living and go back to the mother land, but never actually returned?
- Did they come through Ellis Island, or even before that?
- How did their American experience change their culture, customs, and names?
- Does your family still carry on any customs from your immigrant ancestors’ lands? Foods, language, holiday traditions?
- Did they travel first class or steerage? What was the difference?
- What jobs did the ancestor take when they came? What challenges did they face?
How Can I Research My Immigrant Family?
Here are some tips to starting a research project on discovering your immigrant ancestor:
- First, ask the family for stories – what have they heard?
- Researching an immigrant from the 1900s is easier than researching one in the 1700s. Start with later generations.
- Do you really know where they came from? Start with censuses. For example, one census may say they were from Poland, another may say “Galicia.” Poland was broken up into three parts in the mid-1800s and Polish immigrants from Galicia were on the Russian-controlled side. Research the history of the lands for better insights.
- Death records may give more information on birthplaces. Check the death records for their children too.
- Church records sometimes state the place your ancestor “removed” from when they came to that congregation. Which churches were closest to where they lived for their denomination?
- Check for cemetery headstones – they may have specific birthplaces or symbols that indicate origin.
- Did they naturalize? When did they arrive? The 1900 census asks those questions, and some others ask related questions. The dates given were sometimes incorrect, but it gives an idea of where to start.
- They may have petitioned for naturalization in a local county court or in federal court. Check both.
- Many websites give information on a particular culture or immigrant group. A good link to these is on Cyndi’s List and the FamilySearch Wiki.
Above all, spend some time this Thanksgiving holiday thinking about our ancestors who made the brave journey to America. Take the opportunity of quality time with your relatives to discuss the family lore and uncover new stories about your past. If you learn something exciting, let us know!